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||Saima (Rauha Maria) Harmaja (1913-1937)|
Finnish poet, who published her central collections of poems in five years period from 1932 to 1937. Saima Harmaja poured out her heart in her poetry and died young, at the age of 22, and rapidly gained a cult status amongst young female readers. Her works have been published more posthumously than during her life time.
"A horrible dog, it is barking
Saima Harmaja was born in Helsingissä into a well-to-do family. Her father, Leo Harmaja (1880-1949), and mother, Laura Harmaja (1881-1954), were both economists and university teachers. Leo Harmaja had a distinguished career as a civil servant. He was editor of Kauppalehti and professor of ecomomics, and published a number of books in the field of social sciences. Saima's mother was the daughter of the famous poet Arvid Genetz. She wrote a number of pioneering artices in domestic science for the magazine Kotiliesi, but also published non-fiction.
In 'Oma elämäkerta', an autobiographical article, Saima Harmaja tells that she started to write prose and poems at early age. She also mentions her depression and weak health, and that she did not attend school for a year. In the 1920s Harmaja started to contribute to the children's magazine Pääskynen, edited by Helmi Setälä, but otherwise her parents did not encourage her writing. At the age of sixteen Harmaja made with her mother a journey abroad to cure her Weltschmerz. To express her feelings he began to kept a diary, where she showed the sense of humour that lacs from her other works. She also dated her poems.
Harmaja records her emotions nearly daily. "Life is so empty, empty. There is nothing to fill it. Everything is meaningless." (on June 13, 1927) "Today I realized I must die." (on June 16, 19327) Watching a military parade, she waves enthusiastically the Finnish flag with other children for General Mannerheim,
and soon she fights with her father, who tells her to focus more on
school work than writing poetry. She composes a poem in a state mania
and afterwards feels herself exhausted.
Encouraged by her sister Outi, who was at home her most
trustworthy critic, Harmaja joined the young literary association
Nuoren Voiman Liitto at the age of fifteen. In this period the works of
Edith Södergran, Uuno Kailas, Aleksi Kivi and Dante were especially important for her writing aspirations. The young Mika Waltari
encouraged Harmaja in her writing, and she admired him greatly for the
rest of her life. However, Harmaja was kissed first time by another
young man named Jake – she was 19 at that time. He became Harmaja's
only great love, and she dealt their relationship in several poems. "Nämä
kädet, vain sinua hyväilleet, / ei kosketa toista miestä. " (These
hands, caressed you only, / will never touch another man.) Jake is an
athletic type of person, not interested in poetry, but in sports, and
falling in love with him is a puzzle for her.
In 1932 Harmaja graduated from a secondary school and started her studies at the University of Helsinki. In autumn 1933 she entered the University of Tarto. During this period she met Aino Kallas, whose polished, diplomatic behavior she found false. Harmaja's first collection of poems, Huhtikuu (Aril), came out in 1932. Tauno Nurmela gave the work in Kaiku good reviews and referred to Harmaja's grandfather Arvid Genetz. Elmer Diktonius made a remark of Harmaja's "Victorian" tones but considered her nature poems fresh. Huhtikuu was followed by Sateen jälkeen (1935, After rain), Hunnutettu (1936) and Kaukainen maa (1937). All these works did not gain much attention – the leftist press was critical.
Ensimmäinen kevätpäivä jää
In 1935 Harmaja made a hopefully journey to Italy, but returned to Finland with worsening health problems. While being treated in a sanatorium, she continued to write poems, in which she shared Edith Södergran's search of "the land that is not." With her health becoming frailer, Harmaja's weight dropped from 54,5 kg to 32 kg.
Harmaja died of tuberculosis at home on April 21, 1937. Just before the
death, she noted in her diary the arrival of the first day of the spring. The diary, Elämän auetessa, came out in 1939. Harmaja's Kootut runot ja kehitys runoilijaksi (1938)
was edited by her mother who influenced deeply the poet's posthumous
brother Tapani, a fighter pilot, was killed in 1940 in the Winter War.
Her younger sister Kirsti Toppari (1923-2018) became a journalist and
editor of the Finnish Donald Duck magazine, Aku Ankka. Toppari edited the diaries Varhainen kevät (1977) and Palava elämä (1985) for publication.
As Kaarlo Sarkia (1902-1945), Harmaja wrote in traditional
rhyme. She was not interested in free verse but used skillfully
existing poetic techniques. Her favorite subjects were changing
seasons, young love, suffering, and death. Perhaps unjustly, critics
later labelled her works as 'girls poetry' because of her confessional
tone and accounts of her inner feelings.
For further reading: 'Oma elämäkerta' by Saima Harmaja in Kootut runot (1938); Aleksis Kivestä Saima Harmajaan: suomalaisten kirjailijain elämäkertoja ed. by Albin Ahonen, Martti Haavio, V.I. Mikkonen (1943); Voices from Finland, ed. by Elli Tompuri (1947); Saima Harmaja - legenda jo eläissään by Kaarina Helakisa, (1977); Saima Harmaja: Palava elämä, ed. by Kirsti Toppari (1985); A History of Finland's Literature, ed. by George C. Schoolfield (1998); Koskettavia naiskohtaloita Suomen historiasta by Caius Kajanti (2000); Suomen kansallisbiografia, ed. by Matti Klinge et al. (2004); Saima Harmaja, runoilijoista runoilijoin, ed. by Päivi Istala (2007); Kirjeitä Saima Harmajalle, ed. by Päivi Istala (2013) - See also: Frederic Mistral