Choose another writer in this calendar:
by birthday from the calendar.
||Outsider (1904-1961) - Real name Aarne Viktor Laitinen until 1935. Other pseudonyms: Henrik Horna, Viktor Mario, William B. Harrow, Rigor Morton, Charles Snyder, Rautamies, Jack B. Murphy, etc. The p seudonym Outsider, under which Haapakoski wrote most of his works, was used first time in 1933 in the magazine Lukemista kaikille.|
Prolific Finnish pulp writer and journalist, best known for his characters Pekka Lipponen and Kalle-Kustaa Korkki. From the 1930's to the 1960's Outsider wrote totally over 200 novellas and nearly 3000 short stories. His ambitious novel, Purppurantekijä (1951), set in the ancient Phoenician kingdom on the Eastern Mediterranean, tried to continued the tradition of historical novels in the spirit of Mika Waltari, but the lively and underrated work did not gain critical acclaim. Outsider's writings have been translated into English, Swedish, and Danish.
"Mitä puhut sinä, siidonilainen, joka et purppuranteosta mitään ymmärrä. Milloin ovat siidonilaiset oppineet valmistamaan purppuraa, joka olisi halvimmankaan tyyrolaisen purppuran veroista? Te keitätte purppuranne raa'assa merilipeässä ja savipadoissa. Jos te tuntisitte hyvä purppuran valmistustavan, ei teidän tarvitsisi lähettää miehiänne salakavalasti meiltä purppurantekoa oppimaan. Siidolainen purppura on kuin kamelinsontaa." (from Purppurantekijä)
Aarne Haapakoski was born Aarne Viktor Laitinen in Pieksämäki, the son of Viktor Laitinen, a farmer, and Mathilda (Vauhkonen) Laitinen. At school he was not an exceptional pupil, though he showed an aptitude for drawing. When he was sixteen, he joined the Civil Guards, and served behind the front lines in 1918 during the Civil War. While in secondary school, he began to write poems. After military service in 1922, he moved to Helsinki, where he worked in a furniture shop.
In 1926 Haapakoski went to Paris to study art but started to write for magazines and study journalism at Sorbonne. From 1927 to 1928 he worked as a journalist in Paris and Berlin, and then two years in London. Haapakoski returned to Finland in 1930. He continued to contribute to a number of magazines, and also participated in the activities of the right-wing organization IKL, the Patriotic People's Movement. Some of his stories, such as 'Tuottavaa liiketoimintaa' and 'Kloakkien kauhu' (Juutalaisvastaisuus suomalaisissa aikakauslehdissä ja kirjallisuudessa 1918-1944 by Jari Hanski, 2006, p. 112), repeated stereotypical views on Jews, but the primary element of IKL's agenda was opposition to communism.
Haapakoski's first book, a detective novel titled Mustalais-suon arvoitus (1931) was published at his own expence under the name Aarne Haapakoski. It was based on a true crime story about Tattarisuo, where parts of human bodies were found in 1930. At the time of writing the novel, the mystery was still unsolved. (It turned out that the remains were stolen from a cemetery and had been used in a black magic ritual by a group of occultists.) The protagonist in Haapakoski is a journalist who chases Soviet agents. This work was followed by a play, Rintaman takana (1933), and a spy story Madame Saahl'in salaisuus (1934), also published at Haapakoski's own expence. The pseudonym 'Outsider' was invented by the editor Yrjö Halme. Haapakoski used it first time in 1933 in the magazine Lukemista kaikille.
In 1932 Haapakoski worked for Vapaa Suomi and from 1935 to 1941 he was a staff member of the magazine Seura, writing travel stories. He married Frida Kunnas in 1935, and changed officially his name from Laitinen to Haapakoski. In 1938 he participated with his novel Viisi tikaria (pub. 1941) in the Nordic detective novel competition, in which Mika Waltari's Kuka murhasi rouva Skrofin? won the first prize in Finland. During the Winter War (1939-40) and the Continuation War (1941-44) he served in the Army as an officer and a war correspondent. Haapakoski was discharged after becoming seriously ill. In 1943 he moved with his family to Pieksämäki in the villa Hornanlinna, designed by the architecht Aatto Korhonen. There he lived for the rest of his life.
During the war years, Haapakoski was the most prolific mystery writer. From 1941 to 1948 Haapakoski wrote 18 books depicting the adventures of Klaus Karma. He was first a lawyer, but appeared later under the same name as an architect and nephew of the first Klaus Karma. Karma fought against the Bolsheviks among others in Talo Džeršinskajan varrella (1942) and Nunnat nukkuvat (1942); its first edition was 15,500 copies. Differing from private investigators, who rely on their deductive powers, Karma occasionally received supernatural messages. Plans to translate Karma novels into German were cancelled after the publishing company Langer&Co. K.-G was destroyed in Dresden in a bombing. In Vakooja BZ 7 (1944) the Finnish hero is saved from a dangerous situation by a female German spy, who is working for Gestapo and searching in Finland for a Jewish saboteur.
Beginning from 1941, Haapakoski published under the pseudonym Henrik Horna fast-moving thrillers, which often had horror elements and exotic locations. His criminals were usually foreigners. In Merirosvolaivurin aarre (1944) the hero is Jukka Korppi, a former French Foreign Legionaire and officer of the Finnish Army. The story starts in New York and continues with treasure hunt in the Caribbean. In a cave Jukka finds from a human skull a letter from the 17th century, written in comic dialect. "Että en minä ennee muuta ossoo enka jaksakkaa kirjuuttoo vuan toivon sitä, että jokkuu oikeaa immeinen löytäis niä merrosvon kätköt, ku meijän kerran ei sallittu niihin hyvvyyvestä nauttija. Varmuuven vuoks minä pistän tiän nahkakirjee piiloo yhteen tuommoseen puolmäränneeseen piäkalloo, joita tuolla nurkassa irvistellöö koko läjä." Jukka and his friends have some troubles with a Chinese criminal and Jack Thompson, a gangster from Chicago, but he eventually finds the treasure, and is rescued by the U.S. Coast Guard.
Haapakoski launched his most successful series in 1945, when he
created his famous characters, Kalle-Kustaa Korkki and his stuttering
friend, the businessman Pekka Lipponen. Basically they formed a
hero/sidekick pair, perhaps partly inspired by Bob Hope and Bing Crosby
team. Their adventures were also
adapted to radio and to screen - Ben Huronin testamentti
(The testament of Ben Huron), the first radio play, was broadcast in 1945 with great success. Most likely the
name Ben Huron was modified from Lew Wallace's famous novel
Ben-Hur. No explanation is
given who the mysterious Ben Huron is and why he has left Kalle-Kustaa Korkki in his
will a tresure map. The constant joke is that whenever Pekka Lipponen
asks more about the testament, Korkki promises that he tell more about
it later but never does.
Tuuri, a National Theatre actor, gave his voice to Pekka Lipponen, and
the actor and film director Wilho Ilmari was Kalle-Kustaa Korkki.
Yleisradio broadcast 19 Lipponen and Korkki radio plays, most of which
were also transformed into book form. In this Outsider was helped by
Antero Virkki (pseudonym of Aarne Talasmo), and Pertti Pakkanen. Virkki's novelette version of Kaksihuippuisen vuoren salaisuus
came out in 1946 (Kalle-Kustaa Korkin seikkailuja II). It was also
adapted by Martti Löfberg, but Haapakoski was not completely satisfied
with the result; Löfberg's style was rather too verbose for
Haapakoski's taste. This novelette was published in 1958 (Kalle-Kustaa
Korkin seikkailuja 4). ('Outsiderin "Huippisten" monta muotoa' by Markku Kailaheimo, in Ruumiin kulttuuri, 1/2019).
Pekka Lipponen is a genial
and childish country man from Rantasalmi, an international enterpriser
who speaks with rural dialect, he stutters (his favorite swear word is "pi-pi-pirskatti), takes small drinks, whereas his friend
Kalle-Kustaa, an international oil-company agent, is a more traditional hero, strong, hard-boiled, and somewhat arrogant.
Outsider published his original text under the title Huuhkajalinnan kaviomarssi,
but the screenplay, Kalle-Kustaa Korkin seikkailut, was written by Ilmari Unho, the director, and Kaarle
Hirvonen, who later worked as a history teacher at the University of
Helsinki, and translated Greek and Latin classics by authors such Aristophanes, Lucian, and Plato.
In Huuhkajalinnan kaviomarssi Pekka Lipponen is the central character, not Kalle Kustaa of the film title, who nevertheless doesn't show up in the first third of the screen adaptation. Pekka arrives from South-America to Finland. He is followed by to international criminals, Henry William and Mary Morton. Pekka has inherited his uncle Teodor, and goes to Huuhkajalinna manor. The confusing plot then includes Latin American mandolin players, a chess board, diamonds, an ape-man fron travelling circus, horse and dynamite. In spite of the popularity of the characters in radio play productions, only two films were made: Kalle Kustaa-Korkin seikkailut (1949), starring Joel Rinne and Reino Valkama (the most racist and chauvinist production ever made in Finland), and Rantasalmen sulttaani (1953), shot in Spain, Morocco, and Helsinki. The first film received poor reviews, but had success at the box office. Kirsti Ortola played Pekka Lipponen's servant in a blackface makeup. Ilmari Unho, the director, had been a member of the fascist IKL (The People's Movement of the Fatherland) before the wars.
Karma books were among the most popular detective stories published in Finland. They sold over 20 000 copies. Later these books became collector's pieces and much sought-after items from second-hand bookshops. In the 1990s the publishing company Seaflower started to reprint Haapakoski's works, among them Karma's adventure Keskiyön murha. In the story Mr. Käpy (M.A.), the new subeditor of a newspaper, is found murdered. Haapakoski depicts with humour the stereotyped journalists working for the newspaper Aamuposti; there's a music critic, Byfelt, who uses words nobody understand, and a reporter who is always broke and drinks too much. A beautiful dancer and cocaine peddlers are involved in the case. I turns out that Byfelt and Käpy were cocainists and the murderer was a former actor also writing for the newspaper.
"Olen joskus ajatellut sanomalehtimiehen uraa - en pöytänsä ääressä nukkuvan toimittajan, vaan hyvän reportterin. Luulen, että osaisin kirjoittaa melko hyvän jutun näistä aineksista. Kun joskus rupean kirjoittamaan muistelmiani, tulee tälle jutulle nimeksi "Keskiyön murha". Eikö ole sopiva nimi. Murhahan tuli ilmi melkein tasan kello kaksitoista yöllä." (from Keskiyön murha)
The protagonist in Purppurantekijä - set in the times of Darius the Great and Xerxes -
is Hadoram, the son of a Jewish merchant who knows the secret of
manufacturing Tyrial purple, the royal color used in clothes. His
adventues take him all over the ancient Mediterranean world, which the
author describes vividly, especially its commercial contacts and wars.
Hadoram is a member of a small nation in times when Persia was the
ruling power. From this theme one can draw parallels - perhaps not unintentional -
to postwar relationship between Finland and the Soviet Union, during
which commercial relationship started to flourish and grow.
Haapakoski's other works include the science fiction series about the robot Atorox (1947-48), radio plays, short stories, and travel books. Abiel tähdistälukija, a political allegory about Stalin's foreign policy which Haapakoski wrote in the 1950s, was not published until 2007. From 1949 to 1950 he edited the magazine Jännityspalat and between the years 1950 and 1954 the magazine Outsiderin Lehti. He wrote for Tutka and in 1960 he started Horna series, published by Ajanviete. For some reason, he was not interested in Western stories. 'Caro' (1945), a rare attempt in this genre, was published in Salainen salkku, edited by Eero Rislakki, the son of Ensio Rislakki. - Aarne Haapakoski died in Malaga, Spain on January 24, 1961.
Haapakoski's assistant from 1957 was Seppo Tuisku (1935-), who continued the publication of Pekka Lipposen seikkailuja and Kalle-Kustaa Korkin seikkailuja until 1964. He wrote among others Ihmisrobotit (1960), but when the manuscript disappeared in the post, Haapakoski composed it again from his memory. Haapakoski's story Pirskatti, sanoi muumio (1964) Tuisku edited from the original text. Tuisku's first Pekka Lipponen adventure was Et elä huomiseen Pekka
(1959). Tuisku and Reino Helismaa scripted for Mainos-TV eleven
Lipponen and Korkki adventures, produced in 1964 and starring Ossi
Elstelä and Kullervo Kalske.
For further reading: 'Outsiderin ja Henrik Hornan naamion takana' by A.V. Haapakoski, in Me kerromme itsestämme, ed. by Ensio Rislakki (1946); Hornanlinnan perilliset by Timo Kukkola (1980); Kirjojen mies: Aarne Haapakoski alias Outsider 18.3.1904-24.1.1961, ed. by Raili Veikkanen (1989); Outsider-bibliografia by Simo Sjöblom (1995); Kansallisgalleria 4: Kehittyvä Suomi, ed. by Allan Tiitta (1996); Amatöörit tutkimusten hämärillä poluilla: henkilöt, miljöö ja intuitio 1940-luvun suomenkielisissä salapoliisiromaanisarjoissa by Salla Laakkonen (2006); Outsiderin kirja by Raimo Jokisalmi (2007); 'Outsider: Huuhkajalinnan kaviomarssi (1949)' & 'Ilmari Unho: Kalle-Kustaa Korkin seikkailut (1949),' in 50 suomalaista kirjaa ja elokuvaa by Juri Nummelin (2017) - Other prolific Finnish pulp writers: Marton Taiga
Pekka Lipposen seikkailuja:
Kalle-Kustaa Korkin seikkailuja: